Our Global Responsibility
A recent Public Agenda poll again highlighted a long-held perception amongst Americans that the US does “more than its share” internationally. On average, America taxpayers are of the opinion that 24% of the federal budget goes toward foreign aid.
In actuality, less than 1% does.
Since the end of the Cold War, governments from post-industrialized countries — the primary donors for international development and relief — have significantly decreased their contributions. Between 1992 and 1997, official assistance from leading industrialized countries dropped 30 percent, while at the same time their GNPs jumped almost 30 %.
Another little known fact: The United States ranks very near last among the world’s 20 top foreign aid donor countries. And its foreign assistance has dropped dramatically over the past dozen or so years, according to the United Nations Human Development Report. (A huge portion of U.S. foreign aid today consists largely of arms and military assistance.)
When you look at countries’ foreign aid relative to the size of their economies, the United States is devoting 0.2 per cent of its gross national product (GNP) to help the world’s poorest countries, much less than most other industrialized nations.
The generosity of the American people themselves, however, is far more impressive than that of the U.S. government. What Americans give directly, as private individuals and organizations, is anywhere from 2 – 3 times what the U.S. government gives in foreign aid. For example, recorded financial statistics for one year indicate:
- American NGOs gave $6.6 billion in grants, goods and volunteers.
- Religious overseas ministries contributed $3.4 billion, including health care, literacy training, relief and development.
- International giving by US foundations was $1.5 billion
- Charitable giving by US businesses is $2.8 billion annually
It is especially noteworthy what religious overseas ministries and NGOs, that is generally smaller nonprofit organizations, are doing in the field of international relief and development. Certainly an argument could be made that these are the organizations that deserve our support, and via whom we’ll get the best bang for our buck.
[Among the sources of above statistics: OECD; Dr. Carol Adelman; Program on International Policy Attitudes “Americans on Foreign Aid and World Hunger: A Study of U.S. Public Attitudes,”]